Juche korea

juche korea

change and economic principles, it is North Korea, a system little Juche. North Koreans have been told, and they seem to believe what. North Korean government ideology theoreticians developed four self-reliance (juche) principles: “autonomy in ideology, independence in politics, self-. Most often, the ideology is described as meaning 'self-reliance' in reference to the Korean socialist model of opposing foreign influence in their affairs. LYNX FORTNITE Click the Download Cyberduck for Mac files hosted as MacOS and their. In the and installation the SNMP can be Android devices that support. Least response not designed.

Pyongyang: Foreign Languages Publishing House. Acta Koreana. ISSN ISBN New York: Zed Books. OCLC Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. Archived PDF from the original on 6 March Retrieved 26 May Nepali Times. Archived from the original on 9 February On the Juche Idea. Archived PDF from the original on 7 March National Committee on North Korea. Archived PDF from the original on 4 March What are they good for?

Archived from the original on 17 October Retrieved 16 October — via DailyNK. Archived from the original on 14 October Retrieved 15 October Kenneth Quinones 7 June Retrieved 25 February Archived from the original on 2 February Retrieved 2 February Archived from the original on 15 October Archived from the original on 22 September Marshall Cavendish.

September Retrieved 5 March North Korea is officially an atheist state in which almost the entire population is nonreligious. Atheism continues to be the official position of the governments of China, North Korea and Cuba. NK News. Archived from the original on 7 November Retrieved 3 November North Korea: Another Country. New York: New. Freedom of Mind Resource Center. Archived from the original on 4 January Retrieved 4 January Retrieved 10 April Retrieved 7 December Asia Times.

Archived from the original on 12 January Retrieved 13 December Groundings Podcast. Retrieved 30 April Retrieved 14 June Abt, Felix Tuttle Publishing. Alton, David; Chidley, Rob Lion Books. Bluth, Christoph Cambridge: Polity Press.

Buzo, Adrian The Making of Modern Korea. London: Routledge. Cumings, Bruce W W Norton and Company. Korea's Place in the Sun: a Modern History. New York: W. Dimitrov, Martin Cambridge University Press. French, Paul North Korea: State of Paranoia. Zed Books. Hoare, James 13 July Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press. Jager, Sheila Miyoshi London: Profile Books. Kihl, Young; Kim, Hong Nack Kwak, Tae-Hwan Ashgate Publishing.

Lankov, Andrei Oxford: Oxford University Press. Lee, Kyo Duk The successor theory of North Korea. Korean Institute for National Reunification. Lone, Stewart; McCormack, Gavan Korea since Melbourne: Longman Cheshire. Lynn, Hyung-Gu Halifax: Fernwood Pub. Malici, Akan SUNY Press. McCann, David Korea Briefing: Toward Reunification. Myers, B. North Korea's Juche Myth. Busan: Sthele Press. Robinson, Michael E Korea's Twentieth-Century Odyssey.

Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. Brill Publishers. Seth, Michael J. Shin, Gi-wook Stanford University Press. Suh, Dae-sook New York: Columbia University Press. Armstrong, Charles K. Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions. S2CID David-West, Alzo Korean Studies. ISSN X. JSTOR Helgesen, Geir Asian Perspectives. Jung, Hyang Jin Lim, Jae-cheon May—June Asian Survey.

Belke, Thomas Julian Bartlesville: Living Sacrifice Book Company. Essays in the Philosophy of Humanism. Myers, Brian Reynolds New York: Melville House. Suh, Jae-Jung, ed. Lanham: Lexington Books. Index of Korea-related articles. South Korea North Korea. History of Korea.

Geography of Korea. Culture of Korea. Authority control: National libraries Germany. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Juche sasang. Chuch'e sasang. Elections Recent elections Parliamentary: Local: North Korea portal Other countries. Part of a series on. Concepts Administrative-command system Anti-fascism Anti-imperialism Anti-revisionism Central planning Soviet-type economic planning Collective leadership Collectivization Commanding heights of the economy Democratic centralism Dialectical logic Dialectical materialism Foco Intensification of the class struggle under socialism Labour aristocracy Marxist—Leninist atheism One-party state Partiinost' People's democracy Popular front Proletarian internationalism Protracted people's war Self-criticism Social fascism Socialism in one country Socialist patriotism Soviet Yugoslav State Socialist Theory of the productive forces Third Period Vanguardism Wars of national liberation.

This is exactly the meaning of Juche. For many outsiders, the more it is studied, the more the word can seem less, not more, defined. Hotly contested. Kim Il Sung is credited with constructing Juche while leading Korean guerrillas in the fight against Japanese colonizing forces, while Kim Jong Il is said to have systemized the concept.

Hudson is a British writer who says he became interested in Juche in the s as a young communist disillusioned with the Soviet Union. As he works to explain Juche, Kim, the North Korean academic, compares it to another uniquely Korean word — kimchi, the Korean staple of fermented spicy vegetables. But for us it is just kimchi. Follow him at www. AP Top News U.

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This work makes explicit both the link to Marxism-Leninism within the ideology, along with developments made to view the ideology as a unique ideological development that merely builds off of Marxism-Leninism as its basis. Only through a correct application of MarxismLeninism from the standpoint of Juche, can the communists display its might to the full and further enrich its treasure house by creating new revolutionary theories.

Our idea gives a new world outlook by answering the question of who is the master that dominates nature and society and where is the force that transforms them. That the world is dominated and reshaped by man is a new viewpoint on the world in relation to man. This quote may be a bit confusing out of context. How is the idea that the world is reshaped by man a new concept? Surely this is pretty basic human history stuff. Well, the key to this is how Marxism has always explained human history.

This is also where critiques of the ideology lie, in how they view the supposed deviation from traditional Marxist ideology. It is not the consciousness of men that determines their existence, but their social existence that determines their consciousness. At a certain stage of development, the material productive forces of society come into conflict with the existing relations of production or — this merely expresses the same thing in legal terms — with the property relations within the framework of which they have operated hitherto.

From forms of development of the productive forces these relations turn into their fetters. Then begins an era of social revolution. The changes in the economic foundation lead sooner or later to the transformation of the whole immense superstructure. What is expressed here is that Marx believed in a concept known as historical materialism. The belief that human development and consciousness is formed by direct material conditions. From this, it later developed into dialectical materialism.

The theory that contradictions between sections of society as a result of material conditions will result in a dialectical conflict. In which the contradiction is rectified to create a new universality. As Marx states outright in the above quote, the material productive forces come into conflict with existing relations of production. The clash between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie occurs. A scenario of a group of workers and a group of property owners instead becomes a group of worker-property owners.

The basic foundation of socialism is rooted in this, that those who work the means of production should control them. To Marx, this is a natural result of material conditions influencing human development. What is does this ideology offering in response? However, this is not a problem which should be considered simply from a scientific point of view. Like other theoretical problems of Marxism-Leninism, the law of the unity of opposites and of the struggle between them must be historically considered from the point of view of revolutionary practice.

Importance was attached to this law in Marxist dialectical materialism. This is due to the fact that it was an important and historic task to elucidate philosophically the socio-economic contradictions of the then capitalist society and the law of the class struggle. Therefore, I think that the principle of the unity and struggle between opposites elucidated by the Marxist philosophy has many unreasonable points in clarifying the law of the development of socialist society at present.

That is why we did not mention this principle much when explaining the theory of the Juche philosophy. In other words, what Kim Jong-Il is saying is that historical and dialectical materialism still absolutely have their place in explaining the contradictions within capitalist society, but such a theory is insufficient for explaining the issues facing a socialist society such as Korea. When we say that independence is the lifeblood of people, we mean socio-political independence.

However rich a man is in the material aspect, he can never claim to lead a life as befits a man if it is not worthwhile in the social and political spheres as well as in the ideological and cultural fields. Political life and ideological life play a leading and decisive role in social life. Therefore, underestimating the principal significance of political life and ideological life, and only emphasizing that the three kinds of life have each their own importance is of no use in practice.

What Kim Jong-Il is saying here is that the Korean ideology views material conditions as only one factor. Political and ideological life are at the forefront. I once asked a Korean guide on tour about this and he gave me an example. But by applying your own human creativity, it is possible to get past this obstacle and move the furniture.

I found this mentality quite revealing in the context of the late cold war. When the USSR began to collapse, the entire eastern bloc fell with it. The parties themselves reached what they saw as material conditions no longer suited socialism. Giving up was a natural conclusion. Communist parties around the world fell into line with this and reversed many of their hardline stances.

Giving up progress and arguing that the material conditions no longer suited. They never faced complete annihilation, they simply looked at the situation mechanically and decided it was time to give up. North Korea never did that. Instead, ideological education was considered paramount. New applications of their ideology, such as Songun which I may discuss another time were used to circumvent the situation.

Sure enough, despite the major hardships, the country survived. This is what Koreans would consider the supremacy of their ideology over orthodox Marxism-Leninism. This is another controversial matter. Or indeed the numerous stones dedicated to those groups housed within the tower tower in Pyongyang. At the same time, the ideology is often cited as a Korean-only philosophy, even by Koreans themselves.

This… Is a partial truth. At least as far as my understanding goes. I believe this is where the confusion lies. However the experience of the Soviet Union in socialist construction is, in every point, the reflection of the then historical conditions and the concrete situation of the Soviet Union. The experience the Soviet Union had gained in the course of building socialism single-handed for the first time in the world, surrounded by the imperialists, can hardly accord fully with the specific situation of other countries.

If the existing experience is considered absolute and accepted dogmatically, it is impossible to build socialism properly, as the times change and the specific situation of each country is different from another. Several East European countries, notwithstanding, transplanted Soviet-style-socialism on their lands as it was, thus making it impossible for socialism to display its advantages to the full.

In other words, a commonly held belief within the DPRK was that socialism cannot be applied mechanically. The experience of every country is different from another, thus requiring a different application of socialism to suit their conditions. This ideology can be viewed as universally insofar as it is an abstract conception of humanity as a whole. The specific application of the ideology, however, can still not be mechanically applied to any other country.

The Korean experience and conditions bring their own particular hurdles. This may be why North Korea had strong relations with many socialist countries that had an entirely different theory and practice. The dynamic heart of Juche is the leader, who is considered the center of society and its guiding element. Juche is thus the guiding idea of the people's activities and the country's development.

Officially, North Korea is atheist, as are all communist regimes. Kim Il-sung worked hard to create a cult of personality around the leader, in which the people's veneration of him resembled religious worship. Over time, the idea of Juche has come to play a larger and larger part in the religio-political cult around the Kim family.

Kim Il-sung first mentioned Juche on December 28, , during a speech railing against Soviet dogma. Kim's political mentors had been Mao Zedong and Joseph Stalin , but his speech now signaled North Korea's deliberate turn away from the Soviet orbit, and a turn inward. Initially, then, Juche was mainly a statement of nationalist pride in service of the communist revolution. But by , Kim had evolved the ideology into a set of three fundamental principles.

On April 14 of that year, he outlined the principles: political independence chaju , economic self-sustenance charip , and self-reliance in national defense chawi. In , Juche became an official part of North Korea's constitution. In , Kim's son and successor Kim Jong-il wrote a document titled On the Juche Idea , elaborating further on the ideology.

He wrote that implementation of Juche required the North Korean people to have independence in thought and politics, economic self-sufficiency, and self-reliance in defense. Government policy should reflect the will of the masses, and the methods of revolution should be suitable to the country's situation. Finally, Kim Jong-il stated that the most important facet of revolution was molding and mobilizing the people as communists.

In other words, Juche requires that people think independently while paradoxically also requiring them to have absolute and unquestioning loyalty to the revolutionary leader. Within North Korea, it now appears as if all of the precepts of communism were invented, in a self-reliant way, by Kim Il-sung and Kim Jong-il. Share Flipboard Email. By Kallie Szczepanski Kallie Szczepanski. Kallie Szczepanski is a history teacher specializing in Asian history and culture.

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What is Juche? - Ideology explained

Kim Il-sung developed the ideology, which was originally viewed as a variant of Marxism—Leninism until it was declared a distinct ideology by his son and successor, Kim Jong-il.

Personalized wedding bands Kwak, Tae-Hwan Retrieved 7 December Oxford: Oxford University Juche korea. For more newsletters, check out our newsletters page. North Korean famine. With the emergence of Juche as North Korea's guiding political principle since the s, the familial relationship within the micro-family unit has been translated into a national, macro-unit with Kim Il-sung representing the father figure and the North Korean people representing his children.
Lenovo thinkpad battery 73 57y4565 The religious behavior of Juche can also be seen in the juche korea of the North Korean people through refugee interviews from former participants in North Korea's ritual occasions. Torch symbolizing Juche at the top of the Juche Tower in Pyongyang. See author's posts. Bartlesville: Living Sacrifice Book Company. This is probably the most controversial matter.
Defiant panda COVID pandemic. After the devastation of the Korean War, North Korea began to rebuild its economy with a base in heavy industry, with the aim of becoming as self-sufficient as possible. To make revolution in Korea we must know Korean history and geography juche korea well as the customs of the Korean people. After the fall of the Soviet Union in the s, North Korea lost its primary source of food aid, which led to juche korea massive and devastating famine. The consolidation of blood relations between the leader, the Party and the masses is guaranteed by the single ideology and united leadership.
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The Voice of Juche - The bizarre story of North Korea's 'angry' newswoman

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